Insights

April was characterized by very good economic news, major fiscal policy proposals, and a somewhat surprising mini-bond market rally. The benchmark 10-year U.S. Treasury yield ended the month 12 basis points (bps) lower, and the 2- to 30-year curve slope ended the month 10 bps flatter.

Anyone who thought that the new year might come with a return to some sense of normalcy has been sorely disappointed. On the policy front, the year began with an attack on the U.S. Capitol building by protestors hoping to force Congress to effectively override the results of the presidential election. The political makeup of the Senate was finally decided by runoff elections in Georgia. A massive surge in post-holiday Covid infections occurred, ironically at the same time as the widespread rollout of vaccines. 

During February, the bond market reacted to a bevy of growth-positive economic releases, ranging from retail sales to personal income to industrial production. Moreover, the new administration's $1.9tn recovery package moved through the House and appeared to make it through the Senate largely intact. At the same time, optimism grew over the rollout of Covid vaccines. 

All eyes remained on the pandemic and policy as the new year began. An anticipated post-holiday spike in Covid infections materialized and then began to abate by midmonth. Democratic victories in Georgia increased the likelihood of additional stimulus. With positive economic releases early in the month, "risk-on" remained the preferred trade.

All eyes remained on the pandemic and policy as the new year began. An anticipated post-holiday spike in Covid infections materialied and then began to abate by midmonth. Democratic victories in Georgie increased the likelihood of additional stimulus. With positive economic releases early in the month, "risk-on" remained the preferred trade.

The challenge in writing periodic market commentaries is often to make interesting what was essentially more of the same. Not a problem for 2020. It is difficult to overstate how extraordinary the year was. A pandemic, remote conferencing technology, and government economic policies created a sea of change that will be felt for years to come. 

The challenge in writing periodic market commentaries is often to make interesting what was essentially more of the same. Not a problem for 2020. It is difficult to overstate how extraordinary the year was. A pandemic, remote conferencing technology, and government economic policies created a sea of change that will be felt for years to come. 

 

The risk-on market continued largely unabated in November, sometimes bolstered by positive news and sometimes despite negative headlines. Perhaps most important to markets was the announcement of significant progress on Covid vaccines. 

The 10-year U.S. Treasury note yield had its biggest move in months, rising 20 basis points (bps) to 0.84%.  Likewise, the 30-year bond yield jumped by 18 bps to 1.64%. With short rates anchored at very low rates, the 2- to 30-year yield curve slope steepened by 15 bps.

During the summer months, the economy found its Covid-era footing. The nation, and indeed much of the world, learned to co-exist with the pandemic as infection rates declined from early peak and progress occurred in testing and vaccine development. Some segments of the economy were able to re-open at least partially, while others remain under siege. Virus-induced changes in lifestyles have created some economic winners – used car sales, suburban single-family housing, and online retail among them.